Muslim Saints and Mystics : Episodes from the Tadhkirat by Mohammed Abdul Hafeez PDF

By Mohammed Abdul Hafeez

Abu Hamid bin Abu Baker Ibrahim Farid al-Din Attar was once born in advert 1145/ 1146 in Nishapur province of Iranian Khorasan and died in 1221. there's war of words over the precise dates of his beginning and dying, yet a number of assets ensure that he lived nearly 100 years. varied tales are instructed concerning the loss of life of Attar. One universal tale is as follows. He used to be captured through a Mongol. sooner or later somebody got here alongside and provided 1000 items of silver for him. Attar advised the Mongol to not promote him for that rate because the expense was once now not correct. The Mongol authorised Attar’s phrases and didn't promote him. Later, another person got here alongside and provided a sack of straw for him. Attar recommended the Mongol to promote him simply because that used to be how a lot he was once worthy. The Mongol soldier grew to become very indignant and bring to an end Attar’s head. So he died to coach a lesson. Attar, a lot better-known by means of his pen names as Farid al-Din and Attar (‘the pharmacist’), used to be a Persian and Muslim poet, Sufi, theoretician of mysticism, and hagiographer.
Farid al-Din Attar used to be a Persian poet and Sufi mystic. dwelling in the course of a turbulent period of political uncertainty, he grew to become inwards, exploring the world of God and the trails to Him via mystical poetry. Little approximately Attar is understood with sure bet. His identify (literally, ‘Perfume of Roses’) exhibits that, like his father, he used to be a druggist and the calling of a clinical guy. Supposedly trustworthy Persian assets fluctuate within the yr of his loss of life via a span of forty three years. One explanation for this uncertainty is that, in contrast to different Islamic poets, he didn't write flattering panegyrics approximately his personal existence and greatness. this can be to his own credits, yet unlucky for the historian. we're convinced in simple terms of the truth that he was once born in Nishapur in north-eastern Persia; he handed thirteen years of his formative years in Mashad, and spent a lot of his existence amassing poetries of different Sufi mystics.
He used to be the son of a filthy rich chemist, and obtained a great schooling in Arabic, theosophy and drugs. He helped his father within the shop and on his father’s loss of life, took over its possession. the folk he helped within the pharmacy used to confide their issues in Attar and this affected him deeply. ultimately, he deserted his pharmacy and travelled broadly to Kufa, Mecca, Damascus, Turkistan, and India, assembly Sufi sheikhs and again selling Sufi (Islamic mysticism) principles to his domestic urban of Nishapur.

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Muslim Saints and Mystics : Episodes from the Tadhkirat al-Awliya of Farid al-Din Attar by Mohammed Abdul Hafeez

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